Bursitis and tendinitis are terms used to describe the inflammation of the bursae and tendons near joints and bones in the body. A person with bursitis or tendinitis may have pain, tenderness, and stiffness near the inflamed bursa or tendon. Weakness may then develop in the nearby muscles. Bursitis or tendinitis occur most often in the shoulder, elbow, wrist, hip, knee, and ankle.

Bursitis and tendinitis can be caused by overuse and repeated movements or by a sudden injury. In some cases, bursitis and tendinitis can be caused by an infection or arthritis.

Bursitis and tendinitis can affect both children and adults, especially those who perform repetitious tasks in their jobs, sports, or daily activities. For example, carpet layers who work on their knees all day may develop bursitis in their knees.

Or tennis players who use improper technique or who lack sufficient muscle conditioning may develop tendinitis in their elbow. Many ordinary activities, such as gardening, cooking, cleaning, typing, and using tools or playing sports, involve repetitious movements.

Treatment for bursitis and tendinitis can be done at home and is usually successful. Treatment may include resting the painful area, taking pain relievers if necessary, and doing gentle exercises to prevent stiffness. These steps will usually reduce pain and tenderness and allow the bursa or tendon to heal.

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